Generating a large number of sustainable livelihood options, particularly for the poor, is the single most important challenge facing the Indian economy and unless it is addressed forthwith, the problem will threaten the very fabric of our polity and society. To address the issue, NYDHEE has been acting single-mindedly since a decade and contributing in its own way towards a long-term solution to impoverishment. The activities during the intervention period were comprehensive in nature, woven into a singular agenda of poverty alleviation through a range of micro level experiments leading to realization of human dignity & justice.
NYDHEE introduced one comprehensive livelihood & food security programme for creating effective & sustainable employment opportunities through agriculture & allied agricultural interventions in its project area covering 5010 households in 82 villages under Bangriposi block in Mayrubhanj district of Odisha. Under the programme, several trainings were conducted and over 750 azola beds created in the community. Further, over 6000 goats were dewormed and vaccinated. Similarly over 13,000 poultry were also dewormed and vaccinated in the intervention villages of Mayurbhanj.
Cooperative Movement is also enthusiastically carried forward in Mayurbhanj through the formation of Producers Company registered under Company Act. (Dwarasuni Farmer Producer Co. Ltd.) with a 10-member board of directors.
Community vegetable farming was promoted to engage the community in judiciously utilizing food, fodder and fuel and thus the interested small land holders & landless farmers were organized to cultivate vegetables on a co-operative basis. Vegetable seeds & required nutrients were provided to commercially grow brinjal, pumpkin, cucumber, bitter gourd, ladies finger, tomato & sweet gourd. The effort witnessed production of bumper crops, which proved to be an economically viable proposition. All these efforts were also eco-friendly as liquor manure; organic pesticides were used in the process of cultivation in the intervention villages.
Odisha is the second poorest state in India. Nearly 22% of the population of the state are tribal, whose state is probably the worst in the entire country. Mayurbhanj is one of the poorest districts in Odisha as per the development indicators. Bangiriposhi block is one of the underdeveloped regions in the district. The tribes constitute 57.67% of the total population of the district. Though the population of Mayurbhanj is only 6% of the State's total population, the tribal population shares a 15.42% of the state's total S.T population. The tribals are popularly known as Adivasis. They are mostly dependent on settled cultivation, hunting from jungle, collecting minor forest produce etc. Out of 62 types of tribals in Orissa, Mayurbhanj alone houses 53. The major tribes found in Mayurbhanj are: the Santhals, Kolha, Bhuyan, Bathudi, Gond etc.
NYDHEE conducted a Training Program for Sustainable Collection & Harvesting of MFPs and TBOs (Tree borne oil seeds) for women SHG Members in 3 Gram Panchayat in Bangiriposhi named Budhikhamari, Nischinta&Shyamsundarpur revenue village in collaboration with TRIFED (Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Govt. of India).The 3 villages are fully dominated by Santals, Bhumija&Kolha tribes. Out of the total population 10% population are dependent on cultivation and rest 90 % of tribals depend on collection of fuel wood, NTFP like- Sal/ Siali leaf, Mahua flower, Karanja, Kusuma, Chara, kendu leaf &Jhuna for their livelihood. They are illiterate, unorganised and living in very unhealthy situation. The rural credit is managed by the mahajans and sahukars who charge more than 120% per annum leading the people to bankruptcy and the formal banking system is no way helpful to the people. The marketing system is fully controlled by the middlemen. Though the market is fully dominated by the middleman the NTFP collectors, tribal women get harassed and are forced to make distress sale in the market. Due to low income & note getting the proper value of their product they are unable to manage family, give proper education to their children, access the better treatment in need etc. As a whole we can say they are unable to live a healthy lifestyle.